The Open Dialogue Foundation (ODF), the Italian Federation for Human Rights (FIDU) and the Global Committee for the Rule of Law (GCRL) welcome the adoption in the European Parliament of a resolution on strengthening the EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime (GHRSR), following a debate during the plenary session of 6 July 2021.
The resolution, originating from a set of questions presented by David McAllister (EPP; Germany) and Maria Arena (S&D; Belgium) from the AFET Committee, aims at enriching the Union’s current sanctions toolbox with elements that would bring it closer to the US Magnitsky model. ODF, FIDU and GCRL have long advocated for Magnitsky-style legislation at the European and national level to push back against human rights violations worldwide.
Already during the debate the vast majority of the MEPs who intervened showed their approval of the so-called “EU Magnitsky Act” and their willingness to make it stronger, more receptive of inputs from civil society and more comprehensive. The text was adopted by 584 votes in favour, 73 against with 33 abstentions.
Most of the recommendations we have put forward in a letter to the members of the AFET Committee on 5 July are also present in the final resolution. In particular, the European Parliament calls for grand corruption to become ground for sanctions under the GHRSR, for sanctions to be decided upon through qualified majority vote, for MEPs and civil society to become an integral part of the decision process, for a protection mechanism for whistleblowers and activists and for greater cooperation between the European Union and like-minded democratic parties in the sanctions field.
The resolution also stressed the resolute will of the Parliament to stand up against any counter sanctions or retaliatory measures from authoritarian leaders hit by sanctions, a topic the Open Dialogue Foundation and the Italian Federation for Human Rights discussed in a past event with, among others, MEP Reinhard Butikofer.
A few key passages from the approved resolution:
- “[The Parliament] underlines the importance of ensuring that the regime also targets economic and financial enablers of human rights abusers and to the same extent; in case acts of corruption are not included in the revision of the existing regime, calls for the EU and its Member States to […] adopt an EU anti-corruption sanctions regime in order to complement the EU GHRSR”.
- “[The Parliament] calls for parliamentary oversight of the EU GHRSR and an enhanced role for the European Parliament in proposing cases of serious human rights violations”.
- “[The Parliament] insists on a transparent and inclusive process to facilitate input by civil society actors”.
- “[The Parliament] is convinced of the advantages of cooperating and coordinating with partners and like- minded countries in implementing the EU GHRSR; encourages the Commission and the Member States to draw from the close cooperation and strategic relationship between the EU and the US”.
The Open Dialogue Foundation, the Italian Federation for Human Rights and the Global Committee for the Rule of Law believe the adoption of this resolution is a step in the right direction and can pave the way for greater developments in the European Union’s posture as a champion of human rights worldwide.
Get acquainted with our efforts to promote personal sanctions against human rights violators worldwide:
- Moldova’s “Theft of the Century” – ostensible investigations or sincere lust for justice? (9 July 2021)
- The Open Dialogue Foundation supports the strengthening of the European Union’s sanctions regime (6 July 2021)
- Invitation to an online event — Authoritarian countermeasures to targeted sanctions: China’s and other autocratic responses (18 June 2021)
- Human rights abuses in Kazakhstan: a need for the EU response – online discussion with Petras Austrevicius (21 May 2021)
- ODF’s report “Servants of the regime: sanction list of persons accountable for gross human rights violations in Kazakhstan (20 October 2020)
- Letter in support of Global Magnitsky Enforcement (5 May 2020)
- ODF’s recommendations on the adoption of Magnitsky-style sanctions in Australian legislation (21 April 2020)
- ODF travels to Rome to relaunch the draft bill for an Italian Magnitsky Law (10 February 2020)
- Kazakhstan: the EP’s new resolution urges for sanctions against human rights violators (5 March 2021)